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2013-12-08 13:22:56|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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加碼德筆記【論中國第七章危機四起的十年1962中印戰爭(結局篇)

At the same time, the 1962 war added another formidable adversary for China at a moment when relations with the Soviet Union had gone beyond the point of no return. For the Soviet offer of support proved as fleeting as the Soviet nuclear presence in Cuba. As soon as military clashes in the Himalayas escalated, Moscow adopted a posture of neutrality. To rub salt into Chinese wounds, Khrushchev justified his neutrality with the proposition that he was promoting the loathed principle of peaceful coexistence. A December 1962 editorial in the People's Daily, the official newspaper of the Chi?nese Communist Party, angrily noted that this marked the first time a Communist state had not sided with another Communist state against a “bourgeois country: "For a communist the minimum requirement is that he should make a clear distinction between the enemy and our?selves, that he should be ruthless towards the enemy and kind to his own comrades. The editorial added a somewhat plaintive call for Chinas allies to examine their conscience and ask themselves what has become of their Marxism-Leninism and what has become of their proletarian internationalism. 同時1962年的戰爭對中國來說其實增加了一個對手而此刻其與蘇聯的關係已經到了無可挽回的地步。蘇 雖表示過願意提供支援,但隨著蘇聯核導彈撤出古巴,這種意向便轉瞬即逝了。中印邊境的軍事衝突剛一升級,蘇聯便擺出了中立姿態:赫魯夫還往中國的傷口上撒鹽,他以維護“和平共處”為托詞,蘇聯保持中立的行辯護。196212月,中共官方紙《人民日報》刊登的社論憤怒地寫道,這是一次一個共產黨國家不支援另一共產黨國家與“資本主義國家”的鬥爭:“對共產黨人來說,一個起碼的要求應該是分清敵我,應該是 對敵狠,對己和。”社論中還痛心疾首地呼籲中國的盟友“心自問,他們的馬克思列寧主義丟到哪里去了?他們的無產階級國際主義丟到哪里去了?”By 1964the Soviets dropped even the pretense of neutrality. Refer?ring to the Cuban Missile Crisis, Mikhail Suslov, a member of the Po?litburo and party ideologist, accused the Chinese of aggression against India at a moment of maximum difficulty for the Soviet Union: It is a fact that precisely at the height of the Caribbean crisis the Chinese People's Republic extended the armea conflict on the Chinese-Indian border. No matter how the Chinese leaders have tried since then to justify their conduct at the time they cannot escape the responsibility for the fact that through their actions they in effect aided the Most reactionary circles of imperialism. 到了 1964蘇聯甚至把中立的面紗也撕去了。政治局 委員、蘇共意識形態觀念家米哈伊爾丨蘇斯洛夫在提到古巴導彈危機時指責中國在蘇聯極度困難時期印度發動惡鬥。他說:實是,在加勒比海危機最嚴重的時刻,中華人民共和國在中印邊界上擴大了武裝衝突的事態。事後中國領導人再怎我辯解難辭其咎,因他的行動實上對帝國主政府裡最反對其政治變革反動分子圈圈裡輔助了為虎添翼的作用China, having barely overcome a vast famine, now had declared adversaries on all frontiers. The cultural Revolution At this moment of potential national emergency, Mao chose to smash the Chinese state and the Communist Party. He launched what he hoped would prove a final assault on the stubborn remnants of traditional Chinese culture-from the rubble of which, he prophesied, would rise a new ideologically pure generation better equipped to safe?guard the revolutionary cause from its domestic and foreign foes. He propelled China into the decade of ideological frenzy,vicious factional politics, and near civil war known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. 中國尚未渡過大饑荒的難關,便又陷入了腹背受敵的境地。文化大革命”就在國際形勢日益嚴峻的緊要關頭,毛澤東在國內向傳統中國文化頑固的殘渣餘孽發起了猛烈攻擊。他預言說,這將是最後的總攻,在中華廢墟上將崛起共主義信仰堅定的新一代.他們能更好地捍衛革命事業,抵禦國內外的敵人。他把中國人推入了思想狂熱、派系爭鬥、近乎內戰的10年。這就是“無產階級文化大革命

下篇筆記【論中國第七章危機四起的十年無產階級文化大革命”()

 

 

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